Racism, mental illness and social support in the UK


Chakraborty, AT; McKenzie, KJ; Hajat, S; Stansfeld, SA; (2010) Racism, mental illness and social support in the UK. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, 45 (12). pp. 1115-1124. ISSN 0933-7954 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-009-0156-8

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Abstract

The difference in risk of mental illness in UK ethnic minorities may be related to a balance between specific risk factors such as racial discrimination and mediating factors such as social support. We investigated whether social support from friends or relatives reduces the cross-sectional association between perceived racism and the risk of mental illness in an ethnic minority group. We conducted secondary analyses of nationally representative community samples of five UK ethnic minority groups (EMPIRIC dataset; n = 4,281) using multiple regression techniques. We found that the associations between perceived racism, common mental disorder and potentially psychotic symptoms were mainly independent of social support as measured by the number of close persons and their proximity to the individual. Social support when measured in this way does not mediate the associations between perceived racism and mental ill health in this population-based sample.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: UK, Ethnicity, Racism, Social support, Mental illness, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, ETHNIC DENSITY, LOW-INCOME, HEALTH, DISCRIMINATION, LONDON, VICTIMIZATION, QUESTIONNAIRE, FAMILY, BUFFER
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Social and Environmental Health Research
PubMed ID: 19847373
Web of Science ID: 284113900002
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/1952

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