Trafficking of Bluetongue virus visualized by recovery of tetracysteine-tagged virion particles.


Du, J; Bhattacharya, B; Ward, TH; Roy, P; (2014) Trafficking of Bluetongue virus visualized by recovery of tetracysteine-tagged virion particles. Journal of virology, 88 (21). pp. 12656-68. ISSN 0022-538X DOI: https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.01815-14

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Abstract

UNLABELLED: Bluetongue virus (BTV), a member of the Orbivirus genus in the Reoviridae family, is a double-capsid insect-borne virus enclosing a genome of 10 double-stranded RNA segments. Like those of other members of the family, BTV virions are nonenveloped particles containing two architecturally complex capsids. The two proteins of the outer capsid, VP2 and VP5, are involved in BTV entry and in the delivery of the transcriptionally active core to the cell cytoplasm. Although the importance of the endocytic pathway in BTV entry has been reported, detailed analyses of entry and the role of each protein in virus trafficking have not been possible due to the lack of availability of a tagged virus. Here, for the first time, we report on the successful manipulation of a segmented genome of a nonenveloped capsid virus by the introduction of tags that were subsequently fluorescently visualized in infected cells. The genetically engineered fluorescent BTV particles were observed to enter live cells immediately after virus adsorption. Further, we showed the separation of VP2 from VP5 during virus entry and confirmed that while VP2 is shed from virions in early endosomes, virus particles still consisting of VP5 were trafficked sequentially from early to late endosomes. Since BTV infects both mammalian and insect cells, the generation of tagged viruses will allow visualization of the trafficking of BTV farther downstream in different host cells. In addition, the tagging technology has potential for transferable application to other nonenveloped complex viruses.<br/> IMPORTANCE: Live-virus trafficking in host cells has been highly informative on the interactions between virus and host cells. Although the insertion of fluorescent markers into viral genomes has made it possible to study the trafficking of enveloped viruses, the physical constraints of architecturally complex capsid viruses have imposed practical limitations. In this study, we have successfully genetically engineered the segmented RNA genome of bluetongue virus (BTV), a complex nonenveloped virus belonging to the Reoviridae family. The resulting fluorescent virus particles could be visualized in virus entry studies of both live and fixed cells. This is the first time a structurally complex capsid virus has been successfully genetically manipulated to generate virus particles that could be visualized in infected cells.<br/>

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Pathogen Molecular Biology
Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Immunology and Infection
PubMed ID: 25142589
Web of Science ID: 343314900040
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/1898248

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