Hydrocarbons of Rhodnius prolixus, a Chagas disease vector


Juarez, P; Blomquist, GJ; Schofield, CJ; (2001) Hydrocarbons of Rhodnius prolixus, a Chagas disease vector. Comparative biochemistry and physiology Part B, Biochemistry & molecular biology, 129 (4). pp. 733-46. ISSN 1096-4959 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1096-4959(01)00380-3

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Abstract

The surface hydrocarbons of the blood-sucking insect, Rhodnius prolixus, a major Chagas disease vector in Venezuela, Colombia and Central America, were characterized by capillary gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (CGC-MS). A total of 54 single or multicomponent peaks of saturated, straight-chain and methyl-branched hydrocarbons were identified. Major n-alkanes were n-C27, n-C29, n-C31 and n-C33 hydrocarbons. In the branched fraction, methyl groups were at positions 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 15 and 17- for monomethyl isomers, and separated by three or five methylene groups for the trimethyl or tetramethyl derivatives. For the higher molecular weight components of 37, 39 and 41 atoms in the carbon skeleton, the di-, tri- and tetramethyl branches were usually separated by three or five, and sometimes 7, 11 or 13, methylene groups. The internal hydrocarbon pool contained larger amounts of the higher molecular weight methyl-branched components. Qualitative differences among epicuticular and internal hydrocarbon compositions were detected, both in adult and nymphal stages. No significant sexual dimorphism was detected, but a significant shift in the major n-alkane components was evident from the nymphal to the adult stage, differing also in the relative amounts of the higher molecular weight methyl-branched chains. Comparison of the hydrocarbon components to that of other Chagas disease vectors is discussed.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Alkanes, chemistry, Animal, Carbon, chemistry, Chagas Disease, parasitology, Chromatography, Gas, Female, Hydrocarbons, chemistry, Ions, chemistry, Male, Phenotype, Rhodnius, chemistry, Sex Factors, Spectrum Analysis, Mass, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Pathogen Molecular Biology
PubMed ID: 11435128
Web of Science ID: 170026100004
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/18457

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