Quantities of foods consumed by 12-to 24-month-old New Zealand children

Szymlek-Gay, EA; Ferguson, EL; Heath, ALM; Fleming, EA; (2010) Quantities of foods consumed by 12-to 24-month-old New Zealand children. Nutrition & dietetics, 67 (4). pp. 244-250. ISSN 1446-6368 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-0080.2010.01471.x

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Aim: The present study aimed to estimate small, median and large daily quantities of frequently consumed foods and identify which food groups are important sources of key micronutrients for 12- to 24-month-old New Zealand children. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional survey was conducted in three cities in the South Island of New Zealand. Healthy toddlers (n = 188) were randomly selected using multistage sampling. Three non-consecutive 1-day weighed food records were collected from each child and the frequencies and daily quantities of foods and beverages, and important sources of iron and zinc, were determined. Results: Fifty percent or more of the children consumed the following foods at least once over 3 days (median gram intake among toddlers who consumed the food): milk (366 g), white bread (29 g), banana (70 g), potato (34 g), cheese (12 g), apple (39 g), 'Weetbix' whole-wheat breakfast cereal (16 g), yeast extract spread ('Marmite', 'Vegemite') (2 g), carrot (17 g) and margarine (4 g). Dairy, cereals and the meat/fish/poultry/eggs/nuts food group were the most important sources of iron and zinc in the toddlers' diets, providing 69.1% of iron and 86.3% of zinc. Conclusion: This research provides dietitians, other health professionals, researchers and policy-makers with detailed information on daily quantities of foods and beverages frequently consumed by toddlers that can be used for dietetic counselling, dietary assessment, and to develop food-based dietary guidelines specifically for toddlers.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: food intake, food preference, infant, micronutrient, New Zealand, ENERGY-INTAKE, FEEDING INFANTS, EARLY-CHILDHOOD, TODDLERS, PORTIONS, GUIDANCE
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- ) > Dept of Nutrition and Public Health Interventions Research (2003-2012)
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- )
Research Centre: Centre for Maternal, Reproductive and Child Health (MARCH)
Web of Science ID: 284777200009
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/1831


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