Cancer incidence, survival and mortality: Explaining the concepts.


Ellis, L; Woods, LM; Estève, J; Eloranta, S; Coleman, MP; Rachet, B; (2013) Cancer incidence, survival and mortality: Explaining the concepts. International journal of cancer Journal international du cancer, 135 (8). pp. 1774-82. ISSN 0020-7136 DOI: 10.1002/ijc.28990

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Abstract

: Cancer incidence, survival and mortality are essential population-based indicators for public health and cancer control. Confusion and misunderstanding still surround the estimation and interpretation of these indicators. Recurring controversies over the use and misuse of population-based cancer statistics in health policy suggests the need for further clarification. In our article, we describe the concepts that underlie the measures of incidence, survival and mortality, and illustrate the synergy between these measures of the cancer burden. We demonstrate the relationships between trends in incidence, survival and mortality, using real data for cancers of the lung and breast from England and Sweden. Finally, we discuss the importance of using all three measures in combination when interpreting overall progress in cancer control, and we offer some recommendations for their use.<br/>

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology
Research Centre: Cancer Survival Group
Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
PubMed ID: 24945976
Web of Science ID: 340524100004
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/1785943

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