Prognostic factors in women with breast cancer: inequalities by ethnicity and socioeconomic position in New Zealand

McKenzie, F; Jeffreys, M; Mannetje, A; Pearce, N; (2008) Prognostic factors in women with breast cancer: inequalities by ethnicity and socioeconomic position in New Zealand. Cancer causes & control, 19 (4). pp. 403-411. ISSN 0957-5243 DOI:

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Objective To investigate differences in breast cancer prognostic factors between ethnic and socioeconomic groups in New Zealand. Methods We analyzed all 21,586 breast cancer cases on the New Zealand Cancer Registry (July 1994-June 2004). M (a) over bar uori, Pacific, and non-M (a) over bar uori/non-Pacific women were categorized according to ethnicity on the Registry. Deprivation was analyzed as quintiles of the New Zealand Deprivation Index 2001, an area-based measure of socioeconomic position. Logistic regression was used to estimate age-adjusted odds ratios (OR) (95% confidence intervals (CI)). Results M (a) over bar uori and Pacific women were more likely to have non-local stage, less well differentiated cancer, larger tumors and positive human epidermal growth factor receptor-type 2 (HER-2) status than non-M (a) over bar uori/non-Pacific women. M (a) over bar uori were less likely and Pacific women more likely than non-M (a) over bar uori/non-Pacific women to have negative oestrogen (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) status. Adjusting for deprivation did not materially alter the results. Women living in more deprived areas had a higher risk of non-local stage and larger tumors. These associations were only partially explained by ethnicity. There was no relationship between tumor grade, ER, PR or HER-2 status and deprivation. Conclusions Our results confirm that M (a) over bar uori, Pacific and low socioeconomic women present with poor prognosis breast tumors.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Adenocarcinoma, diagnosis, economics, ethnology, Adult, Aged, Breast Neoplasms, diagnosis, economics, ethnology, Female, Health Status Disparities, Humans, Logistic Models, Middle Aged, New Zealand, epidemiology, Oceanic Ancestry Group, Prognosis, Registries, Risk Factors, Socioeconomic Factors, Women
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Medical Statistics
Research Centre: Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
PubMed ID: 18066672
Web of Science ID: 255090100007


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