The Ipswich childbirth study: one gear follow up of alternative methods used in perineal repair


Grant, A; Gordon, B; MacKrodat, C; Fern, E; Truesdale, A; Ayers, S; (2001) The Ipswich childbirth study: one gear follow up of alternative methods used in perineal repair. BJOG, 108 (1). pp. 34-40. ISSN 1470-0328

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the long term implications of four alternative approaches to postpartum perineal repair. DESIGN: A stratified randomised controlled trial using a 2x2 factorial design. SETTING: Original recruitment at the Maternity Unit at Ipswich Hospital NHS Trust, a district general hospital, between 1992 and 1994. SAMPLE: Seven hundred and ninety three women who had participated in the Ipswich Childbirth Study--a trial among women who had required repair of episiotomy or first or second degree tears--at least one year previously. METHODS: Self-completed postal follow up at least one year after recruitment to trial comparing 1. two-stage repair leaving the skin unsutured with standard three-stage repair, and 2. polyglactin 910 with chromic catgut as suture material for the repair. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Failure to resume pain-free intercourse; persistent perineal pain; perineum feeling different; resuturing; time to resume pain-free intercourse; and dyspareunia. RESULTS: Fewer women allocated two-stage repair reported that the perineum felt different (30% versus 40%; RR 0.75; 95% CI 0.61 to 0.91; 2P < 0.01); otherwise there were no clear differences between the two methods. Women allocated polyglactin 910 were less likely to have dyspareunia (8% versus 13%; RR 0.59, 95% CI 0.39 to 0.91; 2P = 0.02) and less likely to fail to resume pain-free intercourse (8% versus 14%; RR 0.57, 95% CI 0.38 to 0.87; 2P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Two-stage repair of perineal trauma leaving the skin unsutured appears to reduce the likelihood of the perineum feeling different from before delivery, in addition to less pain and dyspareunia initially; there were no apparent disadvantages. Polyglactin 910 reduces dyspareunia long term, indicating that the short term benefits of this material over chromic catgut persist.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Adult, Catgut, adverse effects, Comparative Study, Dyspareunia, etiology, Episiotomy, adverse effects, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Human, Labor Complications, surgery, Perineum, injuries, surgery, Polyglactin 910, adverse effects, Pregnancy, Suture Techniques, adverse effects, Treatment Outcome
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Medical Statistics
PubMed ID: 11213002
Web of Science ID: 168649400007
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/17698

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