Protecting Europe from Diseases: From the International Sanitary Conferences to the ECDC.


Liverani, M; Coker, R; (2012) Protecting Europe from Diseases: From the International Sanitary Conferences to the ECDC. Journal of health politics, policy and law, 37 (6). pp. 915-34. ISSN 0361-6878 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1215/03616878-1813772

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Abstract

: In the past few decades there has been increased integration of communicable disease policies in Europe. The historical roots of this process date back to the mid-nineteenth century, when national authorities realized that the cross-boundary spread of diseases cannot be only a matter of national governance but requires common agreements and regulations. In the early 1950s the structuring of the World Health Organization in regional offices further contributed to the definition of Europe as a unit for risk assessments and international health cooperation. More recently the consolidation of the European Union has provided new institutional bases for shaping communicable disease policies at the supranational level. This article reviews these different attempts to protect the European space from diseases. It is argued that changing modes of communicable disease control not only have reflected shifts in public health priorities and institutional contexts but have also been important loci where different understandings of Europe and European political identity emerged and were negotiated. Against this background the article then examines past achievements and future challenges of the current European framework and discusses implications for the wider process of European integration.<br/>

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Global Health and Development
PubMed ID: 22899842
Web of Science ID: 312353400003
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/176092

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