Nasal delivery of chitosan-DNA plasmid expressing epitopes of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) induces protective CTL responses in BALB/c mice


Iqbal, M; Lin, W; Jabbal-Gill, I; Davis, SS; Steward, MW; Illum, L; (2003) Nasal delivery of chitosan-DNA plasmid expressing epitopes of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) induces protective CTL responses in BALB/c mice. Vaccine, 21 (13-14). pp. 1478-85. ISSN 0264-410X DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0264-410X(02)00662-X

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Abstract

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), an important pathogen of the lower respiratory tract, is responsible for severe illness both in new born and young children and in elderly people. Due to complications associated with the use of the early developed vaccines, there is still a need for an effective vaccine against RSV. Most pathogens enter the body via mucosal surfaces and therefore vaccine delivery via routes such as the nasal, may well prove to be superior in inducing protective immune responses against respiratory viruses, since both local and systemic immunity can be induced by nasal immunisation. Previously we have shown that intradermal immunisation of a plasmid DNA encoding the CTL epitope from the M2 protein of RSV induced protective CTL responses. In the present study, the mucosal delivery of plasmid DNA formulated with chitosan has been investigated. Chitosan is a polysachharide consisting of copolymers of N-acetylglucosamine and glucosamine that is derived from chitin, a material found in the shells of crustacea. Intranasal immunisation with plasmid DNA formulated with chitosan induced peptide- and virus-specific CTL responses in BALB/c mice that were comparable to those induced via intradermal immunisation. Following RSV challenge of chitosan/DNA immunised mice, a significant reduction (P<0.001) in the virus load was observed in the lungs of immunised mice compared to that in the control group. These results indicate the potential of immunisation with chitosan-formulated epitope-based vaccines via the intranasal route.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Immunology and Infection
PubMed ID: 12615444
Web of Science ID: 182007800022
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/17578

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