Eye healthcare services in eastern Europe: Part 1 - Cataract surgery


Kocur, I; Resnikoff, S; Foster, A; (2002) Eye healthcare services in eastern Europe: Part 1 - Cataract surgery. The British journal of ophthalmology, 86 (8). pp. 847-50. ISSN 0007-1161 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/bjo.86.8.847

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Abstract

AIM: To describe cataract surgical services in 1998 in 12 eastern European countries and to identify their needs to reduce cataract blindness. METHODS: All inpatient eye departments in the 12 countries received a standardised questionnaire; the data obtained were further processed at the coordinating centre in Prague. RESULTS: All 458 eye departments in the region were involved. The response rate was 100%, except for Bulgaria (93%) and Romania (93%). The total number of cataract surgeries per one million inhabitants in 1998 was calculated: Belarus (800), Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1275), Bulgaria (1730), the Czech Republic (4210), Estonia (2530), Hungary (3530), Latvia (1860), Lithuania (1550), Trans-Dniester Moldova (1300), Poland (1475), Romania (1260), and Slovakia (2430). Cataracts were mostly operated on by the extracapsular technique. Intracapsular extractions were frequently performed in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (47%), Belarus (46%), Bulgaria (18%), and Romania (14.3%). Phacoemulsification was uncommonly used in 1998, except for the Czech Republic (86%), Estonia (50%), Slovakia (38%), and Hungary (16%). An IOL was implanted in more than 90% of patients in the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, and Slovakia. CONCLUSIONS: Conditions for cataract surgery in the eastern European region differ. The main barriers to cataract surgery were state budget limitations, insufficient supply of consumables, underutilisation of operating theatres, and poor detection of patients requiring surgery.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Aged, Cataract, diagnosis, Cataract Extraction, economics, utilization, Europe, Eastern, Health Care Costs, Health Care Surveys, Human, Needs Assessment, Phacoemulsification, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Clinical Research
Research Centre: The International Centre for Evidence in Disability
International Centre for Eye Health
PubMed ID: 12140200
Web of Science ID: 177249200007
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/17368

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