Is fertility declining in Benin?


Capo-Chichi, V; Juarez, F; (2001) Is fertility declining in Benin? Studies in family planning, 32 (1). pp. 25-40. ISSN 0039-3665

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Abstract

This study analyzes reproductive changes in Benin, a West African country with high fertility and low prevalence of use of modern contraceptive methods, using a combination of quantitative and qualitative approaches. Findings indicate that an irreversible fertility transition has started as the result of an emerging pattern of birth limitation and continued desire for the traditional long birth intervals. The data suggest that changes in childhood mortality in combination with an increase in women's education, although modest, have created a demand for fertility control among women; that induced abortion may be one of the means through which such demand is being met, particularly in urban areas; and that the economic crisis of the 1980s was the main catalyst that precipitated the onset of transition. Changes in reproductive preferences and practice suggest a diffusion process, from urban and more educated women to rural and less-educated ones.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Sub-saharan africa, induced-abortion, transition, nigeria, trends, Adolescence, Adult, Benin, epidemiology, Birth Rate, trends, Education, Family Planning, utilization, Female, Fertility, Focus Groups, Human, Interviews, Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Middle Age, Risk Factors, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- ) > Dept of Population Studies (1974-2012)
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- )
PubMed ID: 11326455
Web of Science ID: 168217300003
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/17043

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