Temporal Changes in Prevalence of Molecular Markers Mediating Antimalarial Drug Resistance in a High Malaria Transmission Setting in Uganda.


Mbogo, GW; Nankoberanyi, S; Tukwasibwe, S; Baliraine, FN; Nsobya, SL; Conrad, MD; Arinaitwe, E; Kamya, M; Tappero, J; Staedke, SG; Dorsey, G; Greenhouse, B; Rosenthal, PJ; (2014) Temporal Changes in Prevalence of Molecular Markers Mediating Antimalarial Drug Resistance in a High Malaria Transmission Setting in Uganda. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 91 (1). pp. 54-61. ISSN 0002-9637 DOI: 10.4269/ajtmh.13-0647

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Abstract

: Standard therapy for malaria in Uganda changed from chloroquine to chloroquine + sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine in 2000, and artemether-lumefantrine in 2004, although implementation of each change was slow. Plasmodium falciparum genetic polymorphisms are associated with alterations in drug sensitivity. We followed the prevalence of drug resistance-mediating P. falciparum polymorphisms in 982 samples from Tororo, a region of high transmission intensity, collected from three successive treatment trials conducted during 2003-2012, excluding samples with known recent prior treatment. Considering transporter mutations, prevalence of the mutant pfcrt 76T, pfmdr1 86Y, and pfmdr1 1246Y alleles decreased over time. Considering antifolate mutations, the prevalence of pfdhfr 51I, 59R, and 108N, and pfdhps 437G and 540E were consistently high; pfdhfr 164L and pfdhps 581G were uncommon, but most prevalent during 2008-2010. Our data suggest sequential selective pressures as different treatments were implemented, and they highlight the importance of genetic surveillance as treatment policies change over time.<br/>

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Clinical Research
Research Centre: Antimicrobial Resistance Centre (AMR)
Malaria Centre
PubMed ID: 24799371
Web of Science ID: 338750700010
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/1701174

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