Point of use household drinking water filtration: A practical, effective solution for providing sustained access to safe drinking water in the developing world.


Sobsey, MD; Stauber, CE; Casanova, LM; Brown, JM; Elliott, MA; (2008) Point of use household drinking water filtration: A practical, effective solution for providing sustained access to safe drinking water in the developing world. Environmental science & technology, 42 (12). pp. 4261-7. ISSN 0013-936X DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/es702746n

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Abstract

The lack of safe water creates a tremendous burden of diarrheal disease and other debilitating, life-threatening illnesses for people in the developing world. Point-of-use (POU) water treatment technology has emerged as an approach that empowers people and communities without access to safe water to improve water quality by treating it in the home. Several POU technologies are available, but, except for boiling, none have achieved sustained, large-scale use. Sustained use is essential if household water treatment technology (HWT) is to provide continued protection, but it is difficult to achieve. The most effective, widely promoted and used POU HWTs are critically examined according to specified criteria for performance and sustainability. Ceramic and biosand household water filters are identified as most effective according to the evaluation criteria applied and as having the greatest potential to become widely used and sustainable for improving household water quality to reduce waterborne disease and death.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Disease Control
PubMed ID: 18605542
Web of Science ID: 256705600008
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/1697

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