Extensive multiple test centre evaluation of the VecTest(TM) malaria antigen panel assay

Ryan, JR; Dave, K; Collins, KM; Hochberg, L; Sattabongkot, J; Coleman, RE; Dunton, RF; Bangs, MJ; Mbogo, CM; Cooper, RD; Schoeler, GB; Rubio-Palis, Y; Magris, M; Romero, LI; Padilla, N; Quakyi, IA; Bigoga, J; Leke, RG; Akinpelu, O; Evans, B; Walsey, M; Patterson, P; Wirtz, RA; Chan, AST; (2002) Extensive multiple test centre evaluation of the VecTest(TM) malaria antigen panel assay. Medical and veterinary entomology, 16 (3). pp. 321-7. ISSN 0269-283X DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2915.2002.00368.x

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To determine which species and populations of Anopheles transmit malaria in any given situation, immunological assays for malaria sporozoite antigen can replace traditional microscopical examination of freshly dissected Anopheles. We developed a wicking assay for use with mosquitoes that identifies the presence or absence of specific peptide epitopes of circumsporozoite (CS) protein of Plasmodium falciparum and two strains of Plasmodium vivax (variants 210 and 247). The resulting assay (VecTest Malaria) is a rapid, one-step procedure using a 'dipstick' test strip capable of detecting and distinguishing between P. falciparum and P. vivax infections in mosquitoes. The objective of the present study was to test the efficacy, sensitivity, stability and field-user acceptability of this wicking dipstick assay. In collaboration with 16 test centres world-wide, we evaluated more than 40 000 units of this assay, comparing it to the standard CS ELISA. The 'VecTest Malaria' was found to show 92% sensitivity and 98.1% specificity, with 97.8% accuracy overall. In accelerated storage tests, the dipsticks remained stable for > 15 weeks in dry conditions up to 45 degrees C and in humid conditions up to 37 degrees C. Evidently, this quick and easy dipstick test performs at an acceptable level of reliability and offers practical advantages for field workers needing to make rapid surveys of malaria vectors.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Anopheles, Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax variants 210 and, 247, circumsporozoite protein, dipstick assay, malaria, sporozoite, malaria vectors, multicentre study, rapid, detection, wicking assay, Plasmodium-vivax sporozoites, linked-immunosorbent-assay, mosquitos, falciparum
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Disease Control
Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Clinical Research
PubMed ID: 12243234
Web of Science ID: 177775900012
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/16956


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