Validating a Scoring System for the Diagnosis of Smear-Negative Pulmonary Tuberculosis in HIV-Infected Adults.


Coimbra, I; Maruza, M; Albuquerque, MdeF; Batista, JD; Braga, MC; Moura, LV; Miranda-Filho, DB; Montarroyos, UR; Lacerda, HR; Rodrigues, LC; de Alencar Ximenes, RA; (2014) Validating a Scoring System for the Diagnosis of Smear-Negative Pulmonary Tuberculosis in HIV-Infected Adults. PLoS One, 9 (4). e95828. ISSN 1932-6203 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0095828

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Abstract

BACKGROUND The challenge of diagnosing smear-negative pulmonary TB (tuberculosis) in people living with HIV justifies the use of instruments other than the smear test for diagnosing the disease. Considering the clinical-radiological similarities of TB amongst HIV-infected adults and children, the proposal of this study was to assess the accuracy of a scoring system used to diagnose smear-negative pulmonary TB in children and adolescents, in HIV-infected adults suspected of having smear-negative pulmonary TB. METHODS A Phase III validation study aiming to assess the diagnostic accuracy of a scoring system for diagnosing smear-negative pulmonary TB in HIV-infected adults. The study assessed sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios, and positive and negative predictive values of the scoring system. Three versions of the scoring system were tested. RESULTS From a cohort of 2,382 (HIV-infected adults), 1276 were investigated and 128 were diagnosed with pulmonary TB. Variables associated with the diagnosis of TB were: coughing, weight loss, fever, malnutrition, chest X-ray, and positive tuberculin test. The best diagnostic performance occurred with the scoring system with new scores, with sensitivity = 81.2% (95%-CI 74.5% -88%), specificity = 78% (75.6% -80.4%), PPV = 29.2% (24.5% -33.9%) and NPV = 97.4% (96.4% -98.4%), LR+ = 3.7 (3.4-4.0) and LR- = 0.24 (0.2-0.4). CONCLUSION The proposed scoring system (with new scores) presented a good capacity for discriminating patients who did not have pulmonary TB, in the studied population. Further studies are necessary in order to validate it, thus permitting the assessment of its use in diagnosing smear-negative pulmonary TB in HIV-infected adults.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
PubMed ID: 24755628
Web of Science ID: 335240300102
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/1688648

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