Unstable malaria transmission and maternal mortality - experiences from Rwanda

Hammerich, A; Campbell, OMR; Chandramohan, D; (2002) Unstable malaria transmission and maternal mortality - experiences from Rwanda. Tropical medicine & international health, 7 (7). pp. 573-576. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3156.2002.00898.x

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Data on malaria in pregnancy in unstable transmission areas are scarce. We investigated malaria in pregnancy at Byumba District Hospital, Rwanda, over 3 years (January 1997-December 1999). Byumba, at an altitude of 2300 m, has low levels of malaria transmission. A malaria epidemic in February 1998 led to a fourfold increase in malaria admissions among pregnant women and to a fivefold increase in maternal deaths because of malaria. Safe Motherhood programmes should note that even in non-epidemic years malaria can cause a large proportion of maternal deaths, and that national and international responses to malaria in pregnancy need strengthening.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: malaria, unstable transmission, pregnancy, maternal mortality, maternal morbidity, Controlled trial, anemia, prevention, pregnancy, Adolescence, Adult, Altitude, Female, Human, Malaria, mortality, transmission, Male, Maternal Mortality, trends, Middle Age, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic, mortality, Risk, Rwanda, epidemiology, Seasons
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Disease Control
Research Centre: Maternal Health Group
Malaria Centre
PubMed ID: 12100439
Web of Science ID: 176572800004
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/16643


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