Indoor and peridomestic transmission of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in northwestern Argentina: A retrospective case- control study


Yadon, ZE; Rodrigues, LC; Davies, CR; Quigley, MA; (2003) Indoor and peridomestic transmission of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in northwestern Argentina: A retrospective case- control study. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 68 (5). pp. 519-26. ISSN 0002-9637

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Abstract

A case-control study was carried out during 1990-1994 to identify risk factors associated with American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) in Santiago del Estero, Argentina. The study subjects consisted of 171 cases and 308 controls matched by age, sex, and place of residence. The analysis was performed by conditional logistic regression. Risk factors found to be significantly associated with ACL were related to indoor transmission (few rooms in the house, dirt floor, and a permanent opening in lieu of a window); peridomestic transmission (presence of a pond or woodland within 150 m of the house and an agricultural area within 200 m of the house); and human behavior (sleeping in the backyard, collecting water, bathing, and performing agricultural activities). Most transmission appears to have occurred indoors and in the peridomicile. These environments should be included in further research and control policies.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Viannia braziliensis, risk-factors, epidemiology, psychodidae, diptera, state, lutzomyia, focus, phlebotominae, infection
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Disease Control
Research Centre: Leishmaniasis Group
Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
Neglected Tropical Diseases Network
PubMed ID: 12812336
Web of Science ID: 183047800005
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/16538

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