Regulation of NK cell function by human granulocyte arginase.


Oberlies, J; Watzl, C; Giese, T; Luckner, C; Kropf, P; Müller, I; Ho, AD; Munder, M; (2009) Regulation of NK cell function by human granulocyte arginase. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md, 182 (9). pp. 5259-67. ISSN 0022-1767 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.0803523

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Abstract

The arginine-hydrolyzing enzyme arginase is constitutively expressed by human polymorphonuclear granulocytes (PMN). Upon PMN cell death arginase is liberated and depletes arginine in the microenvironment. This amino acid depletion suppresses T cell proliferation and cytokine secretion and emerges as a key mechanism of immunosuppression during chronic inflammation and tumor growth. Here we show that PMN arginase also severely impairs key functions of primary human NK cells as well as IL-2-activated NK cells. In the absence of arginine, NK cell proliferation and IL-12/IL-18-induced secretion of IFN-gamma are severely diminished. In contrast, NK cell viability, granule exocytosis, and cytotoxicity are independent of extracellular arginine. The mechanism of NK cell suppression by arginine depletion is posttranscriptional since mRNA transcript frequency is unaffected upon NK cell activation in the absence of arginine. Finally, we demonstrate that human purulent exudate ex vivo inhibits NK cell functions exclusively due to liberated arginase. Arginase inhibitors are therefore promising pharmacological agents to treat unwanted suppression of the innate (NK cell) as well as the adaptive (T cell) immune system.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Immunology and Infection
PubMed ID: 19380772
Web of Science ID: 275119200019
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/1639

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