A potentially useful distribution model for dietary intake data

Myles, JP; Price, GM; Hunter, N; Day, M; Duffy, SW; (2003) A potentially useful distribution model for dietary intake data. Public health nutrition, 6 (5). pp. 513-9. ISSN 1368-9800 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1079/PHN2003459

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: Conventional mixed models for the analysis of diet diary data have introduced several simplifying assumptions, such as that of a single standard deviation for within-person day-to-day variation which is common to all individuals.<br/> : We developed a model in which the within-person standard deviation was allowed to differ from person to person.<br/> : The model was demonstrated using data on daily retinol intake from the Dietary and Nutritional Survey of British Adults. The data were from 7-day weighed dietary diaries. Estimation was performed by Markov chain Monte Carlo. Reliability of the model was assessed from the accuracy of estimation of the percentage of days on which various intakes were exceeded. For levels above the median retinol intake, estimation of percentages of days with excessive intakes was most accurate using the model with varying within-person standard deviation.<br/> : A survey of British adults aged 16-64 years.<br/> : In total 2197 adults living in the UK, 1087 males and 1110 females.<br/> : Under the traditional model, estimated daily intake ranged from 716.4 to 1421.8 microg depending on age and sex, with a within-person standard deviation of 4298.9 microg. Under the new model, estimated average daily intake ranged from 388.9 to 518.3 microg depending on age and sex, but with a within-person standard deviation varying between subjects with a 95% range of 29 to 8384 microg. The new model was shown to predict the percentage of days of exceeding large intakes more successfully than the traditional model. For example, the percentage of days of exceeding the maximum recommended intake (9000 microg for men and 7500 microg for women) was 2.4%. The traditional model predicted no excessive intakes, whereas the new model predicted 2.9%.<br/> : This model is potentially useful in dietary research in general and for analysis of data on chemical contaminants in foods, in particular.<br/>

Item Type: Article
Keywords: retinal intake, intra-subject variability, statistical models
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology
PubMed ID: 12943568
Web of Science ID: 184872200014
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/15968


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