Universal HIV testing in London TB clinics: cluster randomised controlled trial.

Roy, A; Anaraki, S; Hardelid, P; Catchpole, M; Rodrigues, LC; Lipman, M; Perkins, S; Roche, A; Stagg, HR; Figueroa, J; Abubakar, I; (2013) Universal HIV testing in London TB clinics: cluster randomised controlled trial. The European respiratory journal, 41 (3). pp. 627-34. ISSN 0903-1936 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00034912

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: We assessed whether implementation of a combination of interventions in London tuberculosis clinics raised the levels of HIV test offers, acceptance and coverage. A stepped-wedge cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted across 24 clinics. Interventions were training of clinical staff and provision of tailor-made information resources with or without a change in clinic policy from selective to universal HIV testing. The primary outcome was HIV test acceptance amongst those offered a test, before and after the intervention; the secondary outcome was an offer of HIV testing. Additionally, the number and proportion of HIV tests among all clinic attendees (coverage) was assessed. 1,315 patients were seen in 24 clinics. The offer and coverage of testing rose significantly in clinics without (p = 0.002 and p = 0.004, respectively) and with an existing policy of universal testing (p = 0.02 and p = 0.04, respectively). However, the level of HIV test acceptance did not increase in 18 clinics without routine universal testing (p = 0.76) or the six clinics with existing universal testing (p = 0.40). The intervention significantly increased the number of HIV tests offered and proportion of participants tested, although acceptance did not change significantly. However, the magnitude of increase is modest due to the high baseline coverage.<br/>

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Research Centre: Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
TB Centre
PubMed ID: 22700845
Web of Science ID: 316158900021
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/146745


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