Exposure to asbestos and lung and pleural cancer mortality among pulp and paper industry workers.


Carel, R; Boffetta, P; Kauppinen, T; Teschke, K; Andersen, A; Jäppinen, P; Pearce, N; Rix, BA; Bergeret, A; Coggon, D; Persson, B; Szadkowska-Stanczyk, I; Kielkowski, D; Henneberger, P; Kishi, R; Facchini, LA; Sala, M; Colin, D; Kogevinas, M; (2002) Exposure to asbestos and lung and pleural cancer mortality among pulp and paper industry workers. Journal of occupational and environmental medicine / American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 44 (6). pp. 579-84. ISSN 1076-2752 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/00043764-200206000-00022

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Abstract

We studied the mortality from lung and pleural cancers in a cohort of 62,937 male workers employed for at least 1 year in the pulp and paper industry in 13 countries during 1945 to 1996. Mill departments were classified according to probability and level of exposure to asbestos on the basis of available dust measurements and mill-specific information on exposure circumstances. Thirty-six percent of workers were classified as ever exposed to asbestos. Standardized mortality ratios of lung cancer were 0.99 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.90 to 1.08) among unexposed and 1.00 (95% CI, 0.90 to 1.11) among ever exposed workers. The number of pleural cancer deaths among unexposed workers was 10; that among exposed workers was 14, most of which occurred among maintenance workers. In internal analyses, a trend in mortality from either neoplasm was suggested for estimated cumulative exposure to asbestos, weighted for the individual probability of exposure within the department and for duration of exposure (relative risk for lung cancer for 0.78+ f/cc-years, as compared with < or = 0.01 f/cc-years: 1.44; 95% CI, 0.85 to 2.45; corresponding relative risk for pleural cancer: 2.43; 95% CI, 0.43 to 13.63). Despite a possible nondifferential misclassification of exposure and outcome, this study suggests that the carcinogenic effect of asbestos can be detected among workers employed in industries such as the pulp and paper industry, in which it is not considered to be a major hazard.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Medical Statistics
Research Centre: Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
PubMed ID: 12085486
Web of Science ID: 176267200021
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/1457

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