Modified Fixed-Ratio Isobologram Method for Studying In Vitro Interactions between Atovaquone and Proguanil or Dihydroartemisinin against Drug-Resistant Strains of Plasmodium falciparum.
Fivelman, QL; Adagu, IS; Warhurst, DC; (2004) Modified Fixed-Ratio Isobologram Method for Studying In Vitro Interactions between Atovaquone and Proguanil or Dihydroartemisinin against Drug-Resistant Strains of Plasmodium falciparum. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 48 (11). pp. 4097-102. ISSN 0066-4804 DOI: 10.1128/AAC.48.11.4097-4102.2004
A modified fixed-ratio isobologram method for studying the in vitro interactions between antiplasmodial drugs is described. This method was used to examine the interactions between atovaquone, proguanil, and dihydroartemisinin. The interaction between atovaquone and proguanil was synergistic against atovaquone-sensitive strains K1 and T996; however, there was a loss of synergy against atovaquone-resistant strain NGATV01 isolated after Malarone (the combination of atovaquone and proguanil) treatment failure. While the interaction between atovaquone and dihydroartemisinin was indifferent against isolate NGATV01, the interaction displayed indifference tending toward antagonism against the atovaquone-sensitive strains tested. The relevance of in vitro interactions to in vivo treatment is discussed.
|Faculty and Department:||Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Pathogen Molecular Biology|
|Research Centre:||Antimicrobial Resistance Centre (AMR)
|Web of Science ID:||225017900004|
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