Prevalence of smoking in 8 countries of the former soviet union: results from the living conditions, lifestyles and health study.


Gilmore, A; Pomerleau, J; McKee, M; Rose, R; Haerpfer, CW; Rotman, D; Tumanov, S; (2004) Prevalence of smoking in 8 countries of the former soviet union: results from the living conditions, lifestyles and health study. American journal of public health, 94 (12). pp. 2177-87. ISSN 0090-0036 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.94.12.2177

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We sought to provide comparative data on smoking habits in countries of the former Soviet Union. METHODS: We conducted cross-sectional surveys in 8 former Soviet countries with representative national samples of the population 18 years or older. RESULTS: Smoking rates varied among men, from 43.3% to 65.3% among the countries examined. Results showed that smoking among women remains uncommon in Armenia, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, and Moldova (rates of 2.4%-6.3%). In Belarus, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Russia, rates were higher (9.3%-15.5%). Men start smoking at significantly younger ages than women, smoke more cigarettes per day, and are more likely to be nicotine dependent. CONCLUSIONS: Smoking rates among men in these countries have been high for some time and remain among the highest in the world. Smoking rates among women have increased from previous years and appear to reflect transnational tobacco company activity.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Health Services Research and Policy
Research Centre: Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
PubMed ID: 15569971
Web of Science ID: 225560800030
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/14113

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