Post-licence driver education for the prevention of road traffic crashes: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials.


Ker, K; Roberts, I; Collier, T; Beyer, F; Bunn, F; Frost, C; (2005) Post-licence driver education for the prevention of road traffic crashes: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Accident; analysis and prevention, 37 (2). pp. 305-13. ISSN 0001-4575 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2004.09.004

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Abstract

The effectiveness of post-licence driver education for preventing road traffic crashes was quantified using a systematic review and meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials. Searches of appropriate electronic databases, the Internet and reference lists of relevant papers were conducted. The searches were not restricted by language or publication status. Data were pooled from 21 randomised controlled trials, including over 300,000 full licence-holding drivers of all ages. Nineteen trials reported subsequent traffic offences, with a pooled relative risk of 0.96 (95% confidence interval 0.94, 0.98). Fifteen trials reported traffic crashes with a pooled relative risk of 0.98 (0.96, 1.01). Four trials reported injury crashes with a pooled relative risk of 1.12 (0.88, 1.41). The results provide no evidence that post-licence driver education is effective in preventing road injuries or crashes. Although the results are compatible with a small reduction in the occurrence of traffic crashes, this may be due to selection biases or bias in the included trials.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Medical Statistics
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- ) > Dept of Nutrition and Public Health Interventions Research (2003-2012)
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- )
Research Centre: Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
Transport & Health Group
PubMed ID: 15667817
Web of Science ID: 227193200011
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/13959

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