A young child feeding index is not associated with either height-for-age or height velocity in rural Senegalese children


Ntab, B; Simondon, KB; Milet, J; Cissé, B; Sokhna, C; Boulanger, D; Simondon, F; (2005) A young child feeding index is not associated with either height-for-age or height velocity in rural Senegalese children. The Journal of nutrition, 135 (3). pp. 457-64. ISSN 0022-3166

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Abstract

Ruel and Menon recently published a young child feeding index based on characteristics taken from 24-h and 7-d recalls. A strong positive association was found in 7 Latin American Demographic and Health Surveys for 12- to 36-mo-old children (1). The aim of this study was to test for associations of this index with height-for-age and linear growth in African children. Children (n = 500), aged 12-42 mo, living in a rural area of Senegal were visited in their homes in April-May, and 24-h and 7-d food recalls were conducted with their mothers. Height was measured, and measurements taken 7 mo earlier were used to compute linear growth rates. General linear models were used to adjust for potential confounders (child age and sex, maternal height, BMI, and socioeconomic status). The feeding index was not associated with either height-for-age (adjusted means: -1.01, -1.06, and -1.20 Z-scores for the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd tercile, respectively) or with linear growth (6.2, 6.0, and 6.3 cm/7 mo for the 3 terciles, respectively). Continuing breast-feeding was negatively associated with height-for-age (P < 0.05) and positively associated with linear growth (P < 0.01). Frequent consumption of fruit was positively associated with both (P = 0.059 and P = 0.027, respectively, in adjusted models), whereas food consumption from an animal source was not. In conclusion, the composite feeding index was independent of height and linear growth in these rural African children, due in part to reverse causality between breast-feeding duration and stunting.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Africa, infant feeding, growth disorders, complementary, feeding, breast-feeding, Nutritional-status, health surveys, prospective cohort, latin-, america, linear growth, mothers, toddlers, infants, milk
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
PubMed ID: 15735078
Web of Science ID: 227509500016
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/13829

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