Fertility in Kenya and Uganda: A comparative study of trends and determinants.


Blacker, J; Opiyo, C; Jasseh, M; Sloggett, A; Ssekamatte-Ssebuliba, J; (2005) Fertility in Kenya and Uganda: A comparative study of trends and determinants. Population studies, 59 (3). pp. 355-73. ISSN 0032-4728 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00324720500281672

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Abstract

Between 1980 and 2000 total fertility in Kenya fell by about 40 per cent, from some eight births per woman to around five. During the same period, fertility in Uganda declined by less than 10 per cent. An analysis of the proximate determinants shows that the difference was due primarily to greater contraceptive use in Kenya, though in Uganda there was also a reduction in pathological sterility. The Demographic and Health Surveys show that women in Kenya wanted fewer children than those in Uganda, but that in Uganda there was also a greater unmet need for contraception. We suggest that these differences may be attributed, in part at least, first, to the divergent paths of economic development followed by the two countries after Independence; and, second, to the Kenya Government's active promotion of family planning through the health services, which the Uganda Government did not promote until 1995.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- ) > Dept of Population Studies (1974-2012)
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- )
Research Centre: Centre for Maternal, Reproductive and Child Health (MARCH)
Population Studies Group
PubMed ID: 16249155
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/12528

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