Antitrypanosomal, antileishmanial, and antimalarial activities of quaternary arylalkylammonium 2-amino-4-chlorophenyl phenyl sulfides, a new class of trypanothione reductase inhibitor, and of N-acyl derivatives of 2-amino-4-chlorophenyl phenyl sulfide.


Parveen, S; Khan, MO; Austin, SE; Croft, SL; Yardley, V; Rock, P; Douglas, KT; (2005) Antitrypanosomal, antileishmanial, and antimalarial activities of quaternary arylalkylammonium 2-amino-4-chlorophenyl phenyl sulfides, a new class of trypanothione reductase inhibitor, and of N-acyl derivatives of 2-amino-4-chlorophenyl phenyl sulfide. Journal of medicinal chemistry, 48 (25). pp. 8087-97. ISSN 0022-2623 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/jm050819t

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Abstract

Quaternization of the nitrogen atom of 2-amino-4-chlorophenyl phenyl sulfide analogues of chlorpromazine improved inhibition approximately 40-fold (3',4'-dichlorobenzyl-[5-chloro-2-phenylsulfanyl-phenylamino)-propyl]-dimethylammonium chloride inhibited trypanothione reductase from Trypanosoma cruzi with a linear competitive Ki value of 1.7 +/- 0.2 microM). Molecular modelling explained docking orientations and energies by: (i) involvement of the Z-site hydrophobic pocket (roughly bounded by F396', P398', and L399'), (ii) ionic interactions for the cationic nitrogen with Glu-466' or -467'. A series of N-acyl-2-amino-4-chlorophenyl sulfides showed mixed inhibition (Ki, Ki' = 11.3-42.8 microM). The quaternized analogues of the 2-chlorophenyl phenyl sulfides had strong antitrypanosomal and antileishmanial activity in vitro against T. brucei rhodesiense STIB900, T. cruzi Tulahuan, and Leishmania donovani HU3. The N-acyl-2-amino-4-chlorophenyl sulfides were active against Plasmodium falciparum. The phenothiazine and diaryl sulfide quaternary compounds were also powerful antimalarials, providing a new structural framework for antimalarial design.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Immunology and Infection
Research Centre: Leishmaniasis Group
Malaria Centre
Neglected Tropical Diseases Network
PubMed ID: 16335933
Web of Science ID: 233923000019
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/12367

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