The Frequency of Chlamydia trachomatis Major Outer Membrane Protein-Specific CD8+ T Lymphocytes in Active Trachoma Is Associated with Current Ocular Infection.


Holland, MJ; Faal, N; Sarr, I; Joof, H; Laye, M; Cameron, E; Pemberton-Pigott, F; Dockrell, HM; Bailey, RL; Mabey, DC; (2006) The Frequency of Chlamydia trachomatis Major Outer Membrane Protein-Specific CD8+ T Lymphocytes in Active Trachoma Is Associated with Current Ocular Infection. Infection and immunity, 74 (3). pp. 1565-72. ISSN 0019-9567 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1128/IAI.74.3.1565-1572.2006

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Abstract

Chlamydia-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes are able to control model infections but may be implicated in disease pathogenesis. HLA-A2 peptide tetramers to Chlamydia trachomatis major outer membrane protein 258-266 (MOMP258-266) and MOMP260-268 were used to characterize HLA class I-restricted CD8+ T cells in Gambian children aged 4 to 15 years with clinical signs of active trachoma and/or infection with C. trachomatis. The frequencies of circulating HLA-A2 tetramer binding cells (TBC) were determined in whole blood samples by flow cytometric analysis. Initial screening of subjects with an anti-HLA-A2 antibody confirmed the presence of either HLA-A2 or HLA-A28. These were subsequently further divided by molecular subtyping. The C. trachomatis-specific HLA-A2 peptide tetramers were able to bind T cells with receptors from subjects which were restricted by either the HLA-A2 or the HLA-A28 restriction element. In this population, the median value of C. trachomatis-specific CD8+ T cells was 0.02%, with frequencies of up to 3.71% of CD8+ T cells reactive with a single tetramer in a minority of subjects. TBC were detected more often in subjects who were infected at the ocular surface, and their presence was associated with infection episodes of longer duration. Detection of C. trachomatis-specific TBC was not associated with the presence of disease or with the estimated load of ocular C. trachomatis infection at the time of sample collection. High frequencies of C. trachomatis-specific cells did not predict subsequent appearance or resolution of the clinical disease signs of active trachoma.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Academic Services & Administration > Academic Administration
Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Clinical Research
Research Centre: Neglected Tropical Diseases Network
PubMed ID: 16495527
Web of Science ID: 235817500014
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/12186

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