Health service providers' perceptions of barriers to tuberculosis care in Russia.


Dimitrova, B; Balabanova, D; Atun, R; Drobniewski, F; Levicheva, V; Coker, R; (2006) Health service providers' perceptions of barriers to tuberculosis care in Russia. Health policy and planning, 21 (4). pp. 265-74. ISSN 0268-1080 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/heapol/czl014

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Abstract

The Russian Federation has witnessed a marked rise in rates of tuberculosis (TB) over the past decade. Public health TB control institutions remain broadly modelled along pre-1990 lines despite substantial programmes of investment and advocacy in implementing the World Health Organization's 'Directly Observed Treatment--short course' (DOTS) strategy. In 2002, we undertook a qualitative study to explore health care providers' perceptions of existing barriers to access to TB services in Samara Oblast in Russia. Six focus group discussions were conducted with physicians and nurses from facilities in urban and rural areas. Data were analyzed using a framework approach for applied policy research. Barriers to access to care were identified in interconnected areas: barriers associated with the health care system, care process barriers, barriers related to wider contextual issues, and barriers associated with patients' personal characteristics and behaviour. In the health care system, insufficient funding was identified as an underlying problem resulting in a decrease in screening coverage, low salaries, staff shortages, irregularities in drug supplies and outdated infrastructure. Suboptimal collaboration with general health services and social services limits opportunities for care and social support to patients. Worsening socioeconomic conditions were seen both as a cause of TB and a major obstacle to access to care. Behavioural characteristics were identified as an important barrier to effective care and treatment, and health staff favoured compulsory treatment for 'noncompliant' patients and involvement of the police in defaulter tracing. TB was profoundly associated with stigma and this resulted in delays in accessing care and barriers to ensuring treatment success.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Global Health and Development
Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Disease Control
Research Centre: ECOHOST - The Centre for Health and Social Change
Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
PubMed ID: 16728512
Web of Science ID: 238537600002
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/11886

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