Innovations in health care and mortality trends from five cancers in seven European countries between 1970 and 2005.


Hoffmann, R; Plug, I; McKee, M; Khoshaba, B; Westerling, R; Looman, C; Rey, G; Jougla, E; Lang, K; Pärna, K; Mackenbach, JP; (2013) Innovations in health care and mortality trends from five cancers in seven European countries between 1970 and 2005. International journal of public health. ISSN 1661-8556 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-013-0507-9

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES Although the contribution of health care to survival from cancer has been studied extensively, much less is known about its contribution to population health. We examine how medical innovations have influenced trends in cause-specific mortality at the national level. METHODS Based on literature reviews, we selected six innovations with proven effectiveness against cervical cancer, Hodgkin's disease, breast cancer, testicular cancer, and leukaemia. With data on the timing of innovations and cause-specific mortality (1970-2005) from seven European countries we identified associations between innovations and favourable changes in mortality. RESULTS For none of the five specific cancers, sufficient evidence for an association between introduction of innovations and a positive change in mortality could be found. The highest association was found between the introduction of Tamoxifen and breast cancer mortality. CONCLUSIONS The lack of evidence of health care effectiveness may be due to gradual improvements in treatment, to effects limited to certain age groups or cancer subtypes, and to contemporaneous changes in cancer incidence. Research on the impact of health care innovations on population health is limited by unreliable data on their introduction.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Health Services Research and Policy
Research Centre: ECOHOST - The Centre for Health and Social Change
Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
PubMed ID: 23989709
Web of Science ID: 334269100014
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/1179126

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