Intensified tuberculosis case finding among people living with the human immunodeficiency virus in a hospital clinic in Ethiopia


Assefa, D; Melaku, Z; Gadissa, T; Negash, A; Hinderaker, SG; Harries, AD; (2011) Intensified tuberculosis case finding among people living with the human immunodeficiency virus in a hospital clinic in Ethiopia. The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease, 15 (3). pp. 411-413. ISSN 1027-3719

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Abstract

Intensified tuberculosis case finding (ICF) is used in people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) to reduce the burden of tuberculosis (TB). We conducted a retrospective study in 300 PLHIV attending an HIV care clinic in Ethiopia to assess ICF performance during a 12-month period. Between 80% and 95% of patients were screened for TB at enrolment and at each 3-month follow-up visit. Thirty-four (11%) patients were diagnosed with TB, of whom 27 (79%) were identified in the first 6 months. This study assessed serial ICF in routine settings, showing that TB screening had its largest diagnostic yield in the first 6 months.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Intensified case finding, PLHIV, Ethiopia, ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Clinical Research
PubMed ID: 21333113
Web of Science ID: 287984200021
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/1171

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