Contraceptive use among in and out-of school adolescents in rural southwest Uganda.

Batwala, VK; Nuwaha, F; Mulogo, EM; Bagenda, F; Bajunirwe, F; Mirembe, JB; (2006) Contraceptive use among in and out-of school adolescents in rural southwest Uganda. East African medical journal, 83 (1). pp. 18-24. ISSN 0012-835X

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OBJECTIVE: To compare the level of contraceptive use among in and out-of school rural Ugandan adolescents. DESIGN: Cross sectional survey. SETTING: Mbarara district. SUBJECTS: Five hundred in-school and 220 out-of school adolescents aged 15-19 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Contraceptive use. RESULTS: Contraceptive prevalence was 171 (23.8%), with 99 (19.8%) among in-school and 72 (32.7%) in out-of school (OR=0.8, 95% CI=0.5-1.3). Of the 286 who had had sexual intercourse, 171 (59.8%) were current users with 99 (57.9%) in-school and 72 (42.1%) out-of school. The predominant method was the male condom with 80 (56.7%) in-school and 61 (43.3%) out-of-school (p=0.3). Sixty five (67%) of in-school aged 18-19 used contraceptives compared to those less than 18 years (OR=0.4, 95% CI=0.2-0.8). The out-of school who were urban residents 51(75%) were more likely to use contraceptives (OR=0.3, 95% CI=0.1-0.6). Out-of school with secondary education 37(84.1%) were more likely to use contraceptives (OR=0.2, 95% CI=0.1-0.5). Cost was a barrier for contraceptive use among in-school users 37(77.1%) (OR=2.6, 95% CI=1.7-5.4). Stigma surrounding their sexual activity was a barrier to out-of school 25 (58.1%) (OR=0.4, 95% CI=0.2-0.8). CONCLUSION: Contraceptive use among rural sexually active adolescents is low although the prevalence is higher in out-of school. Reorientation of contraceptive services to make them more accessible through strengthening of school health programme and establishment of out-of school adolescent health programme are urgently needed.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Disease Control
PubMed ID: 16642746


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