Diet, lifestyle and risk of K-ras mutation-positive and -negative colorectal adenomas.

Wark, PA; Van der Kuil, W; Ploemacher, J; Van Muijen, GN; Mulder, CJ; Weijenberg, MP; Kok, FJ; Kampman, E; (2006) Diet, lifestyle and risk of K-ras mutation-positive and -negative colorectal adenomas. International journal of cancer Journal international du cancer, 119 (2). pp. 398-405. ISSN 0020-7136 DOI:

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K-ras mutation-positive (K-ras+) and -negative (K-ras-) colorectal adenomas may differ clinically and pathologically. As environmental compounds may cause mutations in the growth-related K-ras oncogene or affect clonal selection depending on mutational status, we evaluated whether the aetiology of K-ras+ and K-ras- adenomas differs. K-ras mutations in codons 12 and 13 were assessed in colorectal adenoma tissue (K-ras+: n = 81, K-ras-: n = 453). Dietary and lifestyle data were collected through questionnaires that were also administered to 709 polyp-free controls. Multiple logistic regression analyses showed that intake of vitamin B2 and monounsaturated fat were differently associated with risk of K-ras+ and K-ras- adenomas; vitamin B2 was inversely associated with K-ras- (highest vs. lowest tertile: odds ratio (OR) = 0.70, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.50-0.97, p trend = 0.020), but not with K-ras+ adenomas, and a positive association with monounsaturated fat was confined to K-ras- adenomas (OR = 1.57, 95% CI = 1.06-2.34, p trend = 0.029). Besides, potential, not statistically significant, differences in risk arose because red meat was distinctly positively associated with K-ras+ adenomas (OR = 1.70, 95% CI = 0.94-3.09, p trend = 0.061); total dietary and polyunsaturated fat tended to be inversely associated with risk of K-ras+ but not of K-ras- adenomas; inverse associations with dairy products, calcium, protein and tea were confined to K-ras- adenomas, and smoking was more markedly positively associated with K-ras- adenomas. No differences in risk of K-ras+ and K-ras- adenomas could be detected for other factors. In conclusion, dietary and lifestyle factors may influence risk of K-ras+ and K-ras- adenomas differently. However, epidemiological literature on diet, lifestyle and colorectal K-ras mutations is inconsistent.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology
PubMed ID: 16477638
Web of Science ID: 238267300021


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