A comparison of prostate cancer survival in England, Norway and Sweden: A population-based study.


Holmberg, L; Robinson, D; Sandin, F; Bray, F; Linklater, KM; Klint, A; Lambert, PC; Adolfsson, J; Hamdy, FC; Catto, J; Møller, H; (2011) A comparison of prostate cancer survival in England, Norway and Sweden: A population-based study. Cancer epidemiology. ISSN 1877-7821 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2011.08.001

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Abstract

Purpose The objective of the study was to compare patterns of survival 2001-2004 in prostate cancer patients from England, Norway and Sweden in relation to age and period of follow-up. Subjects and methods Excess mortality in men with prostate cancer was estimated using nation-wide cancer register data using a period approach for relative survival. 179,112 men in England, 23,192 in Norway and 59,697 in Sweden were included. Results In all age groups, England had the lowest survival, particularly so among men aged 80+. Overall age-standardised five-year survival was 76.4%, 80.3% and 83.0% for England, Norway and Sweden, respectively. The majority of the excess deaths in England were confined to the first year of follow-up. Conclusion The results indicate that a small but important group of older patients present at a late stage and succumb early to their cancers, possibly in combination with severe comorbidity, and this situation is more common in England than in Norway or Sweden.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology
PubMed ID: 21907655
Web of Science ID: 300932600002
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/112

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