Principal role of dihydropteroate synthase mutations in mediating resistance to sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine in single-drug and combination therapy of uncomplicated malaria in Uganda
Dorsey, G; Dokomajilar, C; Kiggundu, M; Staedke, SG; Kamya, MR; Rosenthal, PJ; (2004) Principal role of dihydropteroate synthase mutations in mediating resistance to sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine in single-drug and combination therapy of uncomplicated malaria in Uganda. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 71 (6). pp. 758-63. ISSN 0002-9637
Antimalarial resistance to sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) is mediated by mutations in the dihydrofolate reductase (dhfr) and dihydropteroate synthase (dhps) genes. However, the relative importance of different mutations is incompletely understood and has not been studied with combination therapy. Samples from 812 patients treated for uncomplicated malaria in Kampala, Uganda were tested for the presence of mutations commonly found in Africa. The dhps Glu-540 mutation was the strongest independent predictor of treatment failure. The dhfr Arg-59 mutation was only predictive of treatment failure in the presence of the dhps Glu-540 mutation. Comparing combination regimens with SP monotherapy, the addition of chloroquine to SP did not improve efficacy, the addition of artesunate lowered the risk of treatment failure only for infections with both the dhfr Arg-59 and dhps Glu-540 mutations, and the addition of amodiaquine lowered this risk for all dhfr/dhps mutation patterns. The dhps Glu-540 mutation played a principal role and the dhfr Arg-59 mutation a secondary role in mediating resistance to SP alone and in combination.
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